What causes Leg Veins?
Leg veins or varicose veins are a more common condition than some realize. Actually, women are more susceptible to developing varicose veins than men also. Types of varicose veins include spider veins and bulging veins. The spider veins look more like “spider webbing” on the legs and the fatter veins are bulging and more painful in nature.
Varicose veins are areas of blood pooling in the legs due to the valves not working properly. This makes it more difficult for the blood to go upward in the legs so it pools and causes bulging, twisting, or a webbing effect of the veins. This is also due to increased congestion of the veins due to valves not working properly.
There are common causes for varicose veins which can include: heredity, standing for long periods of time, obesity, menopause, and pregnancy. You can make changes in your life to promote veins from becoming worse such as: trying to avoid standing for long periods of time, exercise for improved circulation, use compression stockings, and maintaining a healthy weight.
There are several treatment options including surgery for leg veins, however, many people would like a less invasive treatment option when possible. Less invasive may include:
Sclerotherapy: (also known as “injection therapy”) this uses a liquid or foam chemical injection to block off a larger vein. This is usually performed by a dermatologist and normally needs more than one session to promote results. This procedure usually takes 15 minutes to an hour with no anesthesia. The patient will wear bandages or compression stockings afterward.
Laser treatment for spider veins: This procedure is non-invasive and usually performed by a laser technician, dermatologist, or aesthetician. This procedure uses pulses of light waves applied directly to the spider vein. These areas are normally ones that are too small for sclerotherapy. This also takes more than one treatment under most circumstances.
Both procedures can cause some bruising, irritation, and discomfort to the treated area. Some discoloration will likely also occur in the treated areas which usually fades over time.
It is always best to contact and meet with your dermatologist to discuss your treatment options regarding varicose veins.