What is Leukoderma?
Leukoderma/Vitiligo is actually a chronic skin condition with which there is no cure. It can affect any age, gender, or ethnicity at any time. It is, however, more common to occur before a person is in there 20’s and will get worse over time. Leukoderma/Vitiligo causes loss of pigment in the skin and will cause lighter/whiter patches of skin on the body. There is actually no known cause but thought to be connected with autoimmune disorders and sometimes a type of virus. Leukoderma/Vitiligo is not contagious. It can cause a person to have low self-esteem issues due to the obvious changes in the skin color and patches of pigment loss.
There are many treatments available. Some patients in the earlier stages of this condition try topical steroids and bleaching creams to the darker skin area. The issue with these are that it takes several times a day to reapply as well as the possibility of causing thinner, dry, and fragile skin. Some patients try to camouflage with make up or self-tanning creams but again, it must be re-applied several times per day and usually very ineffective.
Light treatment with an excimer laser (XTRAC) is very common in dermatology and can usually be performed in the office with little to no downtime.
It can be very effective in restoring lost pigment color to the skin. Some patients can use UVA light therapy which is more time consuming and usually required to be performed in a hospital setting. The most invasive treatment is surgery which is not for people who scar or develop keloids.
It is always recommended to meet with your dermatologist to determine which treatment option is best for you!