What causes Birthmarks?
Birthmarks are normally present at birth, however, can appear after a few weeks of life. Birthmarks appear in different colors such as brown; tan; blue; pink; or red. They can be caused by vessels which did not grow normally or simply added pigment producing cells in the skin.
There is no known cause why some people have birthmarks and it is not really fully understood but they are usually inherited. Occasionally there are gene mutations which also cause birthmarks.
There are basically 2 main types of birthmarks. Pigmented and vascular birthmarks. Pigmented birthmarks occur when there is more pigment in one area of the skin than others. Types of pigmented birthmarks can include moles; café-au-lait; and Mongolian spots. Vascular types can include hemangiomas; port wine stains; and salmon patches.
Birthmarks usually cause no pain or distress but can be unsightly to a person thereby causing low self-esteem. When a person is affected by birthmarks there are a few treatments for many of them.
Commonly, a dermatologist will prescribe corticosteroids for a vascular birthmark such as a hemangioma. Other times laser treatment and even surgical excision would be a possibility.
It is always recommended you speak with your dermatologist to discuss the best possible treatment for you!