What is Melasma?
Melasma is hyperpigmentation on the face which more commonly shows on the cheeks; nose; forehead; and upper lip.
Melasma is actually a very common skin problem also sometimes called the “pregnancy mask” as hormones affect it during pregnancy. Melasma can present as brown; tan; or even blue-gray patches in these areas.
It is more common in women and moreso particularly in dark skinned ethnicities such as Hispanic; Indian; Middle Eastern; and Northern African.
Melasma is usually caused by sun exposure but also genetic disposition and hormonal changes.
Using a strong SPF sunscreen along with hats and long sleeves aid in the prevention of Melasma, however, it is not guaranteed due to other factors as previously stated.
There are treatments available for Melasma depending on the size and severity of the area to be treated. Most commonly Melasma is treated using topical medications such as Hydroquinone; Tretinoin; and corticosteroids.
There are in office treatments also available such as micro-needling to restructure the area; Fraxel laser to resurface the area; and some chemical peels.
It is always recommended you meet with your dermatologist to determine which treatment is best for your case!